TIBETE – train travel

From what I saw, this documentary was made in 2011.
TIBETE – train ride …. with the best technology in the world

As I do love to travel and Tibete it’s one the spots I really want to go, when I saw this PowerPoint I had to share it! The Author is Eddy Cheong. Thank you!

From Beijing to Lhasa

Tribute to railway builders

CHALLENGES

Since the founding of the Republic of China by Dr. Sun Yat-sol in 1911, it has been a dream of that country to have a national railway system connecting all its provinces.
Tibet became the last province to be linked, as there were major obstacles.

This is the “Mother of thousands of Mountains”.
How to build a railway line in these mountains to reach China’s most remote province, Tibet? Like, if about 85% of the railroad will have to stay in the “forbidden zone”, also known as “Zona da Morte” (Death Zone) because of bad weather:
air, severe and unpredictable weather, ferocious storms and high UV radiation.
Average annual temperature is below zero degrees, reaching negative 45º C; average elevation of the railroad: 4,115 m above sea level; highest point: 5,100 meters.
When building the Mountain Tunnel Fenghuo – 4,800 m above sea level – workers had to be equipped with oxygen cylinders.
Seventeen oxygen-producing stations were built along the railway line to “feed” the tunnel.
5,180 meters of high mountains to climb, valleys 12 km wide, hundreds of kilometers of ice and mud that could never support trains!
How can a tunnel be opened through the rock, in a climate of minus 40 degrees and with serious oxygen difficulty?
550 km of ice along the rail route; non-compact ice and damp soil in the Summer – a nightmare for railway engineers.
As most cattle and wildlife graze freely, the line was raised in most places.
Four areas have been specifically reserved to protect wildlife species in the Tibetan plateau, including the Chiru population.
Environmental protection of ecosystems:
High investments were made in the project.
Routes were selected to prevent the railway from passing through major wildlife habitats.
Chiru, whose wool is known as ‘shahtoosh’, or ‘wool queen’, for sale for up to $10,000 each, despite legal protection, is threatened with extinction.
Wool is smuggled from Tibet, mainly to Kashmir, where shawls and scarves are made.
Although Chiru is protected in China, it is still legal to weave shahtoosh in India.
In all trains, toilets, waste water tanks and waste treatment facilities were installed to protect the environment along the route.
Beijing West, here begins our story
Beijing West Railway Station is the first stage of our train adventure to Lhasa.
Travel companion, Joey, points to the sign that says, “Beijing West to Lhasa “.
All trains entering Tibet from China are equipped with trash compactors and vacuum toilets. In this photo, you can see a worker collecting sanitary waste from a train on the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, using vacuum technology installed at the Golmud station.
Protection of the environment was an important priority.
Joey appreciates the landscapes that take place throughout the trip.
Western cuisine available on the menu.
The service is excellent. Friendly, it serves fruit juices, snacks and drinks.
Passengers do not suffer from high altitude sickness, as the carriages are fully air-conditioned and pressurized, as in airplanes.
Oxygen masks are also available in your bedrooms, as well as along the corridors and in the trains’ bathrooms.
Beautiful setting and healthy hot meals.
Mountain tunnels.
The construction of a bridge over the icy soil.
This has the least impact on the area, but it is also the most expensive.
Qingshuihe Bridge is the longest bridge in the world built on icy ground.
Animals graze peacefully, oblivious to the passage of the train
Whenever possible, the railway line is elevated to allow the passage of migratory species and to minimize any adverse impact on the natural environment.
Timeless beauty of Lake Namtso.
Train rises to an altitude of more than 5,000 meters.
The length of the Qingzang railway is 1,956 km. The line includes the Tanggula Pass, at 5,072m above sea level, the highest in the world.
Stopping to take a picture with ice as a backdrop.
The train passes ice and snow-capped mountains on the way to Lhasa.
From the beginning, the design departments were concerned with the migration of antelopes.
Wildlife, bears and wild donkeys have already adapted to the presence of the railway line.
Yaks grazing peacefully, indifferent to the passing of the train.
The enchanting beauty of the blue lake of Yamdrok.
The train passes by the Patola Monastery, on the way to the Lhasa Railway Station.
With the opening of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway and the new Nyingchi Airport, there was a flood of tourists in Tibet, reaching 4 million last year, up 60 percent.
Interior of Lhasa Railway Station.
Departure from Lhasa Station.
Exterior of Lhasa Railway Station.
The Lhasa Station it looks more like a first-class airport terminal.
Tibet’s economy has never been self-sufficient to give its people meaningful life. The Central Government of China has invested more than $4 billion to build this rail system – the most expensive in the world.
Since the time of Emperor Kublai Khan, Tibet has belonged to China and is its most remote province.
The new bridge over the Tsangpo River to the railway station.
Hotel reception area – Lhasa.
The Lhasa River bridge connects the center of Lhasa to the new train station.

Copyright reserved:

E. Cheong

New Huaren Federation

16 February 2011

More than just a picture

Pictures taken from the PowerPoint “More than just a picture” made by Kaohsiung Taiwan.

Seen on Bigfun.be

All photos were taken from internet.

I’ve loved this PowerPoint sent to me by e-mail and so I decided it to share it here! Congratulations Kaohsiung Taiwan for the amazing PowerPoint!

Rare historical photographs

The man who denied giving the Nazi salute, 1936
Nikola Tesla in his laboratory
Tombs of a Catholic woman and her Protestant husband separated by a wall, The Netherlands, 1888
Austrian boy in pure happiness receiving new shoes during World War II
Race organizers try to stop Kathrine Switzer from competing in the Boston marathon. She was the first woman to finish the race in 1967
Seal intact at Tutankhamun’s tomb, 1922 (3245 years untouched)
Painting the Eiffel Tower, 1932
First morning after Sweden changed driving from left to right, 1967
Animals used as part of medical therapy, 1956
The kiss of life to the colleague after he touched the high voltage cable, 1967
Annette Kellerman promotes the right of women to wear a one-piece swimsuit, 1907. She was arrested for indecency.
Cave in an iceberg photographed during the British Antarctic expedition, 1911
106-year-old Armenian woman, protector of the home, 1990
Albert Einstein, Summer 1939, Long Island, NY
Brooklyn Bridge painter, 1914
The last known photo of the Titanic on the water, 1912
Disneyland employees cafeteria in 1961
Huge crowds gather at Woodstock Rock Festival, 1969
Women delivering ice, 1918
Hannah Stilley born in 1746, photographed in 1840
The Beatles play for 18 people at the Club de Aldershot, 1961. Superstars a year and a half later.
The first tube at Edgware Road station, London, 1862
Customers of a music store in London, 1955
Woman with gas-resistant stroller, England, 1938
Elvis in the Army, 1958
Cages used for babies to ensure that they received sunlight and fresh air in an apartment building, 1937
Measurement of swimsuits, to see if they were too short, if applicable, women would receive a fine, 1920
Salvador Dali kisses Raquel Welch’s hand after finishing his famous portrait, 1965
Girl with doll sitting in front of her bombed house, London, 1940
French resistance member George Ciegos, smiling at the German firing squad, 1944
“Daddy’s waiting for me” by Claude P. Dettloff in New Westminster, Canada, 1940
Sailor kissing a nurse in Times Square, August 1945
Audrey Hepburn shopping with a deer as a mascot, Beverly Hills, CA, 1958
Three men run the marathon at the first modern Olympic Games, 1896
Sale of the afternoon newspaper with the news of the sinking of the Titanic the night before, April 16, 1912
“4 children for sale inquire within”, 1948
Norway receives its first shipment of bananas, 1905

Based on the amazing PowerPoint: https://slideplayer.com.br/slide/8959365/

“Tethys Sea”

“In the middle of the Algarve (near Loulé), a rock salt mine makes a trip to the depths of the Earth to visit the “Sea of Tethys” …

The site that is both a wonder of nature and human technique. It is a rock salt mine.

The adventure begins on the surface and requires proper care and safety equipment.

The journey into the mine begins at the “cage,” a tower-mounted elevator that was built on top of one of the mine’s access pits.

Then, to the depths of the Earth, it takes four minutes.

Four minutes of darkness, only broken by the beams of the mining lanterns.

When the elevator finally stops, we are 230 meters deep.
This is a descent made almost daily by Alexandre Andrade, technical director of the mine, who is perennial in ensuring that there is no safer and milder place.

The conditions are very stable inside this salt mine: the temperature remains at 23 degrees and the humidity is scarce.

But this is not just any mine, it is a unique geological monument that tells us the story of this place on Earth over the last 230 million years.

It is a place where you work hard and hard, with the passion of selfless miners.

But it is also a unique place in the country, where the history of the planet is engraved in the rocks.

It is therefore a must-visit place for all those interested in science.

When the hike begins, surprises lurk around every corner. Or rather, in each gallery.

Because everything here is rock salt: the floor, the walls, the ceiling.

Pink, compact and hard salt.

The other surprise is the size of the open corridors in the rock, which is over four meters high and about ten meters wide.

And since rock salt mining began here, nearly 40 kilometers of galleries have opened.

In front of the mine, where everything happens, the safety of the miners and the facility comes first.

The use of civilian explosives has been banned and, on the exploration front, salt dismantling is done by a brushcutter, which makes mining work very safe.

Until a few decades ago, all this salt went to the chemical industry that used it as a raw material for chlorine production.

Currently, its use is quite different.

The salt extracted from this mine is used for road safety, promoting the thawing of roads and animal feed as an additive to rations.

But in this immensity of galleries, there is room for other activities.

CUF knows that a mine like this is not only of interest to the industry.

It can – and should – be open to the community, which is why, each year, the Loulé rock salt mine is part of the “National Summer Geology Program” promoted by “Ciência Viva”.

Visitors are always welcomed by the technical director of the mine, who is keen to share his knowledge, satisfying the eager knowledge of the curious.

It is over a long journey of three hours that visitors learn that this saline dome was formed over a period of 230 to 150 million years.

And that, before that, this whole area was sea.

The continent was much further back, and there was a string of coastal lagoons set in a shallow embryonic sea – the Tethys Sea.

With the Earth’s natural movements, the whole landscape changed and this sea gave rise to the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

And the salt has been trapped under newer rock layers of limestone and sandstone.

Explanations aside, these miners’ daily lives are filled with salt extraction.

That is their mission.

Their life.

The salt, once disassembled and collected by the brushcutter, goes by truck for sieving and grinding.

It is the only transformation this raw material undergoes here.

The final granulation will depend on the intended purpose.

Only then is it loaded and sent to the surface.

Every year in this mine there is the capacity to extract up to one hundred thousand tons of salt.

At present this is not the value reached.

But at this rate, this saline dome beneath the city of Loulé still has salt for the next three thousand years of industrial exploration …”

(This was an email that I received from a friend and I just translated it. I tried to find the original source, but with no luck. So, if you own the rights to this amazing article, make sure everyone knows it. Best regards, ZT)