Rare historical photographs

The man who denied giving the Nazi salute, 1936
Nikola Tesla in his laboratory
Tombs of a Catholic woman and her Protestant husband separated by a wall, The Netherlands, 1888
Austrian boy in pure happiness receiving new shoes during World War II
Race organizers try to stop Kathrine Switzer from competing in the Boston marathon. She was the first woman to finish the race in 1967
Seal intact at Tutankhamun’s tomb, 1922 (3245 years untouched)
Painting the Eiffel Tower, 1932
First morning after Sweden changed driving from left to right, 1967
Animals used as part of medical therapy, 1956
The kiss of life to the colleague after he touched the high voltage cable, 1967
Annette Kellerman promotes the right of women to wear a one-piece swimsuit, 1907. She was arrested for indecency.
Cave in an iceberg photographed during the British Antarctic expedition, 1911
106-year-old Armenian woman, protector of the home, 1990
Albert Einstein, Summer 1939, Long Island, NY
Brooklyn Bridge painter, 1914
The last known photo of the Titanic on the water, 1912
Disneyland employees cafeteria in 1961
Huge crowds gather at Woodstock Rock Festival, 1969
Women delivering ice, 1918
Hannah Stilley born in 1746, photographed in 1840
The Beatles play for 18 people at the Club de Aldershot, 1961. Superstars a year and a half later.
The first tube at Edgware Road station, London, 1862
Customers of a music store in London, 1955
Woman with gas-resistant stroller, England, 1938
Elvis in the Army, 1958
Cages used for babies to ensure that they received sunlight and fresh air in an apartment building, 1937
Measurement of swimsuits, to see if they were too short, if applicable, women would receive a fine, 1920
Salvador Dali kisses Raquel Welch’s hand after finishing his famous portrait, 1965
Girl with doll sitting in front of her bombed house, London, 1940
French resistance member George Ciegos, smiling at the German firing squad, 1944
“Daddy’s waiting for me” by Claude P. Dettloff in New Westminster, Canada, 1940
Sailor kissing a nurse in Times Square, August 1945
Audrey Hepburn shopping with a deer as a mascot, Beverly Hills, CA, 1958
Three men run the marathon at the first modern Olympic Games, 1896
Sale of the afternoon newspaper with the news of the sinking of the Titanic the night before, April 16, 1912
“4 children for sale inquire within”, 1948
Norway receives its first shipment of bananas, 1905

Based on the amazing PowerPoint: https://slideplayer.com.br/slide/8959365/

“Tethys Sea”

“In the middle of the Algarve (near Loulé), a rock salt mine makes a trip to the depths of the Earth to visit the “Sea of Tethys” …

The site that is both a wonder of nature and human technique. It is a rock salt mine.

The adventure begins on the surface and requires proper care and safety equipment.

The journey into the mine begins at the “cage,” a tower-mounted elevator that was built on top of one of the mine’s access pits.

Then, to the depths of the Earth, it takes four minutes.

Four minutes of darkness, only broken by the beams of the mining lanterns.

When the elevator finally stops, we are 230 meters deep.
This is a descent made almost daily by Alexandre Andrade, technical director of the mine, who is perennial in ensuring that there is no safer and milder place.

The conditions are very stable inside this salt mine: the temperature remains at 23 degrees and the humidity is scarce.

But this is not just any mine, it is a unique geological monument that tells us the story of this place on Earth over the last 230 million years.

It is a place where you work hard and hard, with the passion of selfless miners.

But it is also a unique place in the country, where the history of the planet is engraved in the rocks.

It is therefore a must-visit place for all those interested in science.

When the hike begins, surprises lurk around every corner. Or rather, in each gallery.

Because everything here is rock salt: the floor, the walls, the ceiling.

Pink, compact and hard salt.

The other surprise is the size of the open corridors in the rock, which is over four meters high and about ten meters wide.

And since rock salt mining began here, nearly 40 kilometers of galleries have opened.

In front of the mine, where everything happens, the safety of the miners and the facility comes first.

The use of civilian explosives has been banned and, on the exploration front, salt dismantling is done by a brushcutter, which makes mining work very safe.

Until a few decades ago, all this salt went to the chemical industry that used it as a raw material for chlorine production.

Currently, its use is quite different.

The salt extracted from this mine is used for road safety, promoting the thawing of roads and animal feed as an additive to rations.

But in this immensity of galleries, there is room for other activities.

CUF knows that a mine like this is not only of interest to the industry.

It can – and should – be open to the community, which is why, each year, the Loulé rock salt mine is part of the “National Summer Geology Program” promoted by “Ciência Viva”.

Visitors are always welcomed by the technical director of the mine, who is keen to share his knowledge, satisfying the eager knowledge of the curious.

It is over a long journey of three hours that visitors learn that this saline dome was formed over a period of 230 to 150 million years.

And that, before that, this whole area was sea.

The continent was much further back, and there was a string of coastal lagoons set in a shallow embryonic sea – the Tethys Sea.

With the Earth’s natural movements, the whole landscape changed and this sea gave rise to the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

And the salt has been trapped under newer rock layers of limestone and sandstone.

Explanations aside, these miners’ daily lives are filled with salt extraction.

That is their mission.

Their life.

The salt, once disassembled and collected by the brushcutter, goes by truck for sieving and grinding.

It is the only transformation this raw material undergoes here.

The final granulation will depend on the intended purpose.

Only then is it loaded and sent to the surface.

Every year in this mine there is the capacity to extract up to one hundred thousand tons of salt.

At present this is not the value reached.

But at this rate, this saline dome beneath the city of Loulé still has salt for the next three thousand years of industrial exploration …”

(This was an email that I received from a friend and I just translated it. I tried to find the original source, but with no luck. So, if you own the rights to this amazing article, make sure everyone knows it. Best regards, ZT)

Mundo estranhamente belo

Não precisa sair de seu planeta para sentir que está em algum outro mundo remoto.
Veja uma lista de 10 lugares, aqui na Terra, em que a sensação de estar noutro planeta é garantida.

10. As Cavernas de Gelo de Eisriesenwelt, Áustria

Cavernas de gelo são muito diferentes de cavernas normais. Quando estamos dentro dela, parece que não estamos
na Terra e sim nas entranhas de algum planeta remoto. Há muitas cavernas de gelo ao redor do mundo e as
Eisriesenwelt são as maiores conhecidas. Elas se estendem por 40km. Apenas uma porção desse labirinto é
aberta a turistas, mas é suficiente para sentir o clima e o mistério que circulam o local.

9.Vales Secos ( Dry Valleys ), Antártica

A região Vales Secos da Antártica, de acordo com os cientistas, é a área na Terra mais parecida com o que seria
uma paisagem de Marte. A região quase nunca tem neve e, excepto por algumas planícies rochosas,
é a única parte continental da Antártica que não é formada de gelo. O chão dos vales apresenta alguns lagos
permanentemente congelados, com vários metros de grossura e, sob esse gelo, vivem alguns organismos
extremamente simples, que são objectos de estudo.

8. Ilha Socotra, Oceano Índico

Essa ilha simplesmente dispensa qualquer noção do que é considerado “normal” para uma paisagem terrestre.
Se você acordasse lá, provavelmente pensaria que está em outro planeta ou, pelo menos, em alguma era remota.
Socotra é parte de um arquipélago que ficou geograficamente isolado da África há 6 ou 7 milhões de anos.
Como nas ilhas Galápagos, possui cerca de 700 espécies raras e muito diferentes. O clima é árido, e mesmo assim
lá estão exemplares incríveis de plantas – algumas espécies não apresentaram variações nos últimos 20 milhões de anos.

7. Rio Tinto, Espanha

As minas gigantes, a céu aberto, do Rio Tinto, criam um ambiente surreal, transformando a paisagem em algo similar
ao que veríamos na Lua, por exemplo. O crescimento do rio não consumiu apenas montanhas e vales, mas adentrou
terras de vilas. O rio teve seu nome tirado da cor de suas águas, praticamente vermelhas e extremamente ácidas
(com pH variando entre 1.7 e 2.5), ricas em metais.

6. Kliluk, o Lago Manchado, Canadá

No quente sol de verão, a água do Lago Manchado evapora e os minerais contidos nela são cristalizados.
Isso causa a formação de vários círculos com bordas brancas: piscinas rasas, que refletem o conteúdo mineral
da água em tons de verde e azul. Essa água contém uma das maiores concentrações de minerais do mundo: sulfato
de magnésio, cálcio e sulfato de sódio, mais traços de outros minerais, como titânio e prata. Os índios canadenses
se banhavam nessas águas e na lama do lago para curar feridas.

5. Saleira de Uyuni, Bolívia

A Saleira de Uyuni é, talvez, uma das mais espetaculares paisagens do mundo. Uma área magnífica com um
impressionante deserto de sal (o maior do mundo), vulcões activos e gêiseres – como uma miragem alienígena,
completamente fora da realidade.

4. Vale da Lua, Brasil

O representante nacional das paisagens “alienígenas” é o Vale da Lua, no Brasil. É uma formação rochosa,
esculpida pela erosão da água, cheia de piscinas naturais. Está localizado a 38 km de Alto Paraíso, em Goiás.
Suas formações rochosas são uma das mais antigas do planeta, feita de quartzo e de outros cristais.

3. Córrego do Sangue Quente, Japão

O Córrego do Sangue Quente é um dos “infernos” (jigoku) de Beppu, no Japão. Nove espectaculares termas
que são mais “para ver” do que para tomar banho. A paisagem inclui um lago de água vermelha e quente,
colorida pelo ferro presente no líquido. O Sangue Quente foi eleito o mais fotogénico dos “infernos”.

2. A Floresta de Pedras, China

A Shilin (em mandarim, Floresta de Pedras) é formada de pedras lisas, circundadas por água que cobre o chão.
A água causa erosão em tudo, menos nos pilares. A Floresta de Pedras é conhecida desde a Dinastia Ming
como a Primeira Maravilha do Mundo.

1. A Estrutura Richat, Mauritânia

Essa espectacular formação na Mauritânia fica na parte sudoeste do deserto do Saara.. É tão grande que é visível do espaço, com um diâmetro de 30 milhas. Anteriormente, achava-se que a formação foi causada pelo impacto de um meteorito que caíra na região, mas agora concluiu-se que é resultado de erosão. A causa exacta de seu formato circular ainda é um mistério.

Para reflectir:
“Tudo o que é necessário para o triunfo do mal, é que os homens de bem nada façam”.
(Edmund Burke)

Loving Vincent

I loved every second of this movie 🎦

I’m a Van Gogh fan, but this movie it’s so beautiful, it’s art 🎨, it’s like going to a museum and watch Vincent masterpieces come to life! 😍

Do yourself a favor and watch this! 📽

“I want to touch people with my heart. I want them to say: he feels deeply, he feels tenderly.” – Vincent Van Gogh