The Man and the Machine

The lever, perhaps the 1st mechanism or mechanical device used by Man.
The bow and arrows have been around for 15,000 years.
The principle of the machine-ouutil begins with the potter’s lathe, around 3500 BC.
The 1st plows date back to 3500 BC.
Pulled by an animal, the plow removes with its central punch the surface layer of the soil, on either side of the furrow.
The wheel was invented in Eurasia c.3500 BC.
With wheels, you can make cars.
The shadoof is a weighing device for lifting water, Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium BC.
Spoke wheels appear c. 2000 BC
The 1st known catapults appear in the 1st Persian Empire in the 6th century. B.C.
The Flying Pigeon in wood d’Archytas de Tarento is the 1st automaton in history, capable of flight (400 BC).
The Flying Pigeon d’Archytas probably ran on compressed air or steam.
The Endless Screw by Archimedes c. 250 BC, is still used today.
Archimedes is perhaps the greatest scientist of antiquity (geometry, hydrostatics, mechanics, etc.).
The Noria was invented by the Greeks (3rd century BC). Left image: Noria using a stream of water. / Right image: To raise water from the wells, an animal pulled the wheel..
The Antikythera mechanism is the oldest known astronomical calculator (c. 200 BC).
Reconstituted in 3D, the Antikythera mechanism reveals the complexity of its dozens of bronze cogs.
The astrolabe has been known since Greek times.
The astrolabe is an astronomical instrument measuring the position of the stars to determine the time of day and night.
Allowed navigation at sea, before the invention of the sextant.
Present in Greco-Roman times, the plough is distinguished from the plow by a punch in reverse, which returns the land to one side.
The water mill has been around since antiquity.
The windmill has been used in Persia for irrigation since the year 620.
The spinning wheel was invented in Asia in the 16th century.
The spinning wheel is an instrument used to spin wool twisting its fibers.
The counterweight trebuchet appears at the beginning of the 12th century.
The released lintel, requested by the counterweight, rises to the vertical and propels the projectile with force.
The first cannons or bombards Inaugurated in the Hundred Years’ War, 15th century.
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), a visionary genius: plane, helicopter, submarine, tank, etc.
Peter Henlein is perhaps the inventor of the clock (1508).
In 1666, Isaac Newton created the first mirror telescope.
Denis Papin is known for his steam engines. Left image: 1679: The digester. Pressure cooker predecessor Right Image: 1690: The 1st steam piston cylinder.
Submarine «Urinator», built by Denis Papin in 1692.
In 1712, the 1st steam engine by Newcomen and Savery, to pump water in the coal mines.
In 1714, the 1st brevet of a typewriter by the Englishman Henry Mill.
The modern sextant invented in the 1730s.
The sextant allows you to determine the latitude of a place by measuring the angle between the horizon and a star.
The history of robotics begins in 1737 with Vaucanson’s first automaton: the flute player.
In 1739, Vaucanson presents a copper automaton with more than 4,000 pieces: the eater duck.
The Vaucanson duck drinks, eats, quacks, walks in the water and digests like a live duck.
In 1770, Cugnot creates the 1st automobile vehicle, powered by a steam engine.
In 1789, Doctor Guillotin did not invent the guillotine, but generalized its use to all convicts.
Tabitha Babbitt invents the circular saw in 1812.
In 1825, Marc Seguin built the 1st large suspension bridge in Europe.
1830: Barthélemy Thimonnier, invents the sewing machine.
In 1832, Samuel Colt deposits a brevet for his revolver.
In 1832, Joseph Plateau invents the phenakistiscope, which is a 1st step towards the invention of cinema.
The 1st programmable calculator was invented in 1834 by the Englishman Charles Babbage.
1852: Henri Giffard invents the 1st dirigible balloon.
In 1859, Gaston Planté invents the electric accumulator (lead battery).
The 1st vacuum cleaner. Invented in 1860 by Daniel Hess.
In 1861, Richard Jordan Gatling invents the machine gun.
In 1861, Gustave de Ponton d’Amécourt built a prototype: the «propeller» and invents the word helicopter.
In 1869, Perreaux et Michaux invented the motorcycle, equipped with a steam engine.
In 1871, Alphonse Pénaud, invents the Planophoro, the 1st reduced model of a rubber motor plane.
In 1872, Dr François Merry Delabost invented the hygienic shower for French prisons.
1878: Thomas Edison, inventor of the phonograph.
1,093 patents were awarded to Thomas Edison (1847-1931) prolific inventor and pioneer of electricity.
In 1881, Gustave Trouvé invents the 1st electric vehicle in the world, a tricycle.
Between 1864 and 1902, Gustave Trouvé is the author of many inventions. Upper left image: Airship mockup / Down left image: Electric canoe / Upper right image: Military telegraph / Down right image: Mechanical bird.
In 1884, Eugène Poubelle invents the garbage container.
Josephine Cochrane is considered the inventor of the 1st dishwasher in 1886 (Illinois).
In 1896, Jules Carpentier invented the Maltese cross, a mechanism allowing to transform a continuous rotation movement into a step rotation.
In 1903, Mary Anderson invents the controlled windscreen wiper from the inside of the vehicle.
In 1910, Henri Fabre invents the seaplane.
In 1914, Pyotr Shilovsky invents the gyrocar, a 2-wheeled vehicle with gyroscope balance.
Carl Magee is the inventor of the parking meter in 1935.
In 1947, Mikhaïl Kalachnikov invented the AK-47 assault rifle.
The corkscrew. It was only invented in the 17th century!
The End.

Taken from the PowerPoint “MG O Homem e a Máquina”. Author: Patagon Diaporama

Death to 2021

Here’s a film that, with an excellent dose of irony, some idiocy, and a good deal of barbs for society, gives us a summary of the year 2021.
For me, it felt like 2021 got by running, but as I reviewed some of the events, I realized that it was much longer than I initially realized.
Nonetheless, if you want a 2021 retrospective with intelligence and humor, I strongly recommend this film (or is it a mini-film)?!…

The Velvet Underground

Whether you like or hate them, The Velvet Underground documentary it’s a piece of art!

History is exposed in this doc, not only the bands but also the 60’s explosion of art in its most ubiquity… The caldron that fostered miscegenation of arts was presented in the form of a unique band, The Velvet Underground!

To find the roots of alternative music in all its aspects within this doc!

Sunday morning, brings the dawn in
It’s just a restless feeling by my side
Early dawning, Sunday morning
It’s just the wasted years so close behind

Lou Reed & John Cale

A place in Peru

In a place in Peru, there is a surprising landscape of salt terraces, they are “Las Salinas de Maras”.
Their exploitation is as old as the Inca empire and they are located on the side of a hill in the “Sacred Valley”. The name of the salt flats in Quechua is Kachi Raqay and it is made up of about five thousand pools of about 5 square meters each, the water is filtered in the pools and evaporates by the action of the intense sun, causing the crystals of coarse salt to sprout. After 1 month the salt reaches 10 cm tall and has to be harvested.
In one part of Peru, there are some islands built with totora, where a community lives whose origins date back to times before the Incas: they are the Floating Islands of San Pedro de Kapi in Lake Titicaca, home to the Uros. They are located in the Bay of Puno and there are about 20. Each one is inhabited by 3 to 10 Uro-Aymara families, who build and roof their houses with reed mats, as well as make the islands. The Uros call themselves kotsuña, “the lake people”, and maintain the tradition of artisanal fishing, especially karachi and silverside, as well as hunting wild birds.
In a place in Peru, there is a place of visual magnificence: it is the Cordillera Huayhuash, legendary for being the source of the mighty Amazon. It has peaks that rise above 6,600 m, the Huayhuash is a compact range of 20 main mountains knotted by the blue of the glacial ice and beautiful lakes. It is considered the best place in the world for Andean trekking. A trip around the entire circuit is 170 kilometers of hard walking.

Photography: own and from the internet

Taken from a PowerPoint design by: Eliza

Woodstock 99: Peace, Love and Rage

Music has and will always be the art that can bring people together, make them feel unified, and believe in themselves…

Watching this documentary blew my mind… How can something so pure become this rage, this warzone that Woodstock99 became?!…

Everyone who enjoys music must watch this documentary, so each one can have a possibility of questioning itself about these facts, this monstrosity, this need to rage against each other… And finally, see it as the documentary it is, about a specific festival, and what should never ever happen again!

Let love rule with music, always!

There’s a festival grounds in Germany, it was literally built by Hitler. And we’ve played there a bunch of times, it’s a great venue, lots of fun. The airbase was less hospitable than the venue built by Nazis.

Noodles

50 of the most imposing castles in Portugal

Owner of incredible landscapes and rich history, Portugal also has beautiful castles. In fact, from the north to the south of the country you can find these buildings, which are very well preserved and remind us of Portugal’s incredible past. After all, these castles are in strategic locations, ever since the nation had already been the target of several attacks and threats from other peoples. How about visiting some of these imposing buildings?
You can also follow the links and find out where you can find the most picturesque castles in Portugal!
Almourol Castle
Guimaraes Castle
Silves Castle
Monsaraz Castle
Vila da Feira Castle
Marvão Castle
Penedono Castle
Obidos Castle
Castle of Mértola

São Jorge Castle in Lisbon

Bragança Castle
Belmonte Castle
Leiria Castle
Loulé Castle
Castelo de Alegrete – Portalegre
Castle of Évora Monte
Montalegre Castle
Ourém Castle
Sesimbra Castle
Castle of Tomar
Sabugal Castle
Sortelha Castle
Numão’s castle
Moorish Castle
Montemor-o-Velho Castle
Marialva Castle

Campo Maior Castle

Porto de Mos Castle
Elvas Castle
Mourão Castle
Marvão Castle
Beja Castle
Castle of Pombal
Portel Castle
Castle and Walls of Celorico da Beira
Fort of Grace in Elvas
Palmela Castle
Belver Castle
Castle of Póvoa de Lanhoso
Aljezur Castle
Sines Castle
Lindoso Castle
Soure Castle
Moura Castle
Castle of Sistelo
Lindoso Castle and granaries
Sertã Castle

The End

Taken from a PowerPoint of an unknown author! Even though, Muito Obrigado!

Kid 90

I really, really enjoyed this documentary! It can bring us way back up ’til the ’90s!

OK, I might be one of the fewest people in the world who didn’t know Soleil Moon Frey, sorry about that!

Nonetheless, the documentary it’s great… All that footage taken by her and her friends deserved to be delivered back to the light!

And you will find also lots of actors, actresses that are now at their peak or where!

It is on ode to friends, to life, and to the ’90s.

And after that, listen to the beautiful original song of the one and only Linda Perry… It is absolutely overwhelming, heartfelt, and pitch-perfect! It sums up the documentary in a way that it deserved an Oscar.

“Here I am, facing myself
Peeling away emotions I felt
Wouldn’t change a moment of my life
So many walked through these doors
Falling through windows to so much more
We held onto each other to get by
Put up a fight
Enough is enough
We were just kids
Falling in love
Trying to play a game we couldn’t win
So, where are you now?
Where were you then?
Do you belong?
Have you found a true friend?
And who you making love with along the way?
I’ve been fearless
Trying to be strong
Yeah, I’ve been living on the edge
For so long
I’ve been waiting for light
To show me the way
Help me piece it together, frame by frame
I’m holding on
Watching my past
The ones that made it
And the ones that couldn’t last
It’s all right here
I wrote it to myself
What I wanted wasn’t crazy
All I needed was some light
In my life”