Segovia is a Roman aqueduct, a dreamlike fortress, a huge Gothic cathedral. Segovia is the best Romanesque, it is a set of medieval towns such as Pedraza, Sepúlveda, Turégano, Cuéllar, Ayllón or Maderuelo. It is a set of royal palaces such as that of La Granja de San Ildefonso and Riofrío. It is the province of the beautiful castles. It is the Sierra de Guadarrama and ski resorts. It is a source of suckling pig and roast lamb. Segovia is, in short, a melting pot of history, culture, art, traditions and beautiful landscapes.


We start with its great cathedral
That shines majestically in the evening light
Or from a slightly more distant view
Main Square
The quarterdeck.
The most photographed castle in the World!
As in a dream The castle in the mist!
Front view and rear tower
And this is its beautiful panoramic view from Fuencisla!
Monastery of Santa Maria del Parral, in the background the Alcázar!


The famous Aqueduct is located in the Plaza del Azoguejo, and is undoubtedly the most representative element of the city. It was built between the second half of the 1st century and the 2nd century in the time of the emperors Vespasiano and Trajano, in order to bring the water from the Frío River, in a place called Acebeda to the city.

It consists of 20,400 stone blocks not joined by mass or any cement.

It is 728 meters long and 28.29 meters maximum height.

It has 167 arches, with a slope of 1%.

Vespasian Coins
Trajan’s Coins
Aerial view of the central part of the aqueduct
Masterpiece of Roman engineering and architecture
Side view
The Aqueduct in the Plaza del Azoguejo
House of the thorns
Old Convent of San Francisco. Today Artillery Academy


Segovia capital has about twenty Romanesque churches, among other styles.

Together with its province, Segovia has one of the most important concentrations of Romanesque remains in Spain.

The photographs that follow are a sample of these churches.

Church of the Vera Cruz
Church of the Vera Cruz
Romanesque Church of San Esteban
Church of San Martín
Church of San Millán
Tower of San Martín and Tower of Hercules
Church of San Nicolás
Church of San Tomás
Hermitage of San António de Padua
Interior of the Cathedral
San Martín Square


Palace of the Granja de San Ildefonso
Palace Gardens
Gardens of La Granja (the Farm)
Gardens of La Granja
Riofrío Royal Palace
Turégano Castle
Turégano Castle
Pedraza Castle
Sanctuary of Santa María de la Peña – Sepúlveda
Riaza Main Square
Castle of the Dukes of Alburquerque, Cuellar
Cuellar Castle
Coca Castle
Monastery of Santa María la Real de Nieva
Palace of the Montijo Counts – Fuentidueña
Mountain El Montón de Trigo (The Heap of Wheat)


The city and province of Segovia constitute a world-class tourist area within Spain.

We have given a light review of its monuments and its Romanesque art, but Segovia also has its history, its beautiful landscapes and its gastronomy. Sample of which there are renowned and exquisite restaurants in the city and province. Their roast suckling pig is a delicious dish like no other.

There are famous masters in the art of preparing it and as a sample, the photograph of one of the most famous restaurants is inserted below.


Candido Roast Hoven

The End

This post was taken from a PowerPoint presentation. The author is unknown. I do not own the any rights. Just sharing a beautiful Spanish place for all you to discover.

Take care!


Iceland Trivia

Icelanders don’t have a nickname, they use a handy system by which they match the son’s name with the father’s in each generation. At the same time, families do not identify themselves by a nickname or family branch, something very different from what we are used to.

There is no private health or education, public services are so good that there are no complaints. More books are bought per inhabitant than in any other country. They invented the Icelandic sagas, the most similar to a novel.

Geyser is one of the few Icelandic words exported to the world through English, which incorporates the ending to refer to the well-known geological phenomenon that occurs on the island and which is almost universally used.

The Icelandic language is only used in Iceland and is very similar to some Scandinavian languages, especially Old Norwegian.

It is not a very populated country, it has 360 000 inhabitants, half of them concentrated in the capital – Reykjavik – being one of the countries with the most concentrated population in the world and the safest.

It is a pioneer country in terms of implementing democracy. Presumably it has the oldest democratic system in the world, founded some 1000 years ago. In 1996 gay marriage was legalized.

In Iceland, water (from rain and nature reserves) is so abundant and uncontaminated that what is consumed reaches homes without any type of treatment. The large number of thermal sources provides an efficient and inexpensive heating system for homes. In Summer there are 24 hours of light.

Winter is not as cold as you might think, due to the relation of its latitude and the moderation of the ocean. The daytime temperature is around 0°C. Volcanic-type underground channels provide free hot water. There are 33 volcanoes and it is the country with the most and largest documented volcanic eruptions.

Iceland is the only NATO country that does not have armed forces, which were abolished in the 13th century. Only a tiny fraction of the country’s 679 police – a crisis unit called The Vikings – use guns. The annual murder rate is less than five and the total amount of the imprisoned population is 118.
Iceland has the highest density of mobile phones per capita in the world. There are more mobile phones than inhabitants, and ¾ of the population has an Internet connection.

Iceland from space
Blue Lagoon fence
Iceland’s blue sky
Blue calcite, close to a geothermal phenomenon.
Cookie Island
Exploring the Valleys Beyond and the Akureyri Fjords


Gullfoss, the Golden Cascade, is a cataract located on the Hvítá River in southeastern Iceland.
It is one of the most popular attractions in the country. It is located on the wide bed of the Hvítá river, which runs to the south and a kilometer from the waterfall turns abruptly to the east, falling in three curved steps. At that moment, the water falls in jumps: 11 and 21 m, in a crack 32 m deep, some 20 m wide and 2,5 km long. The average flow in this cataract is 140 m³/s in Summer and 80 m³/s in Winter. The maximum measured water flow is 2000 m³/s.
When the visitor approaches the waterfall, the crevice hides the view, giving the feeling that the mighty river simply disappears underground.

Jokulsarlon Lagoon
Landmannalaugar or People’s Pools
Mountains and Lake Frostastadavatn in South Highland
Norse Gods in Moonfall
Streets of Reykjavik at sunset.
Abandoned Church in Icelandic Tundra
The Lighthouse. Built in 1939
The Orange Mold at Churchyard Tombstones


Skogaföss is one of Iceland’s largest, most beautiful and impressive waterfalls. According to legend, the first Viking inhabitant buried his treasure in a cave behind this waterfall.

Eruption of Fimmvorduhals
Colored clouds over Iceland
Hunafloi Bay
Northern Iceland. Lights above the gray clouds of the Eyjafjallajokull Volcano


Blue Lagoon is a natural geothermal resort, surrounded by lava fields and sandy beaches. Relaxing in this lagoon, in a vaporous environment, is captivating, providing a pleasant experience. The temperature is 37-39 °C.

The Blue Lagoon is famous for its unique active ingredients and their effects on the mind and body. Salts, silica and sulfur provide well-being. Algae give blue, green and nutrients. White silica, cleansing slime, and massage are highly recommended.


Glaumbær is a town and former parish of the Icelandic community of Skagafjörður.


An amazing journey throughout the beauty, uniqueness and astonishingly Icelandic landscapes…

I do not own any rights on the photographs nor the words… You can find the original presentation here:

Thank you Tobias Jakobsson for sharing this unique voyage into one of the most beautiful places in the World!

The average IQ of the world population – important


The average IQ of the world population (which has always increased since after World War II, until the end of the 90’s) has decreased in the last twenty years…
It’s the reversal of the Flynn effect.
It seems that the level of intelligence measured by the tests decreases in most developed countries.
There can be many causes for this phenomenon and one of them may be language impoverishment.
In fact, several studies show a decrease in lexical and language knowledge impoverishment: it is not only the reduction of the vocabulary used, but also the linguistic subtleties that allow you to elaborate and formulate complex thoughts.

The gradual disappearance of times (subjunctive, imperfect, compound forms of the future, past participle) gives rise to a thought almost always in the present, limited to the moment: incapable of projections in time.

The simplification of tutorials, the disappearance of capital letters and punctuation are examples of “deadly blows” in precision and variety of expression.
Just one example: eliminating the word “senhorinha (lady)” (now obsolete) does not only mean giving up the aesthetic of a word, but also unwittingly promoting the idea that there are no intermediate phases between a girl and a woman.

Fewer words and fewer verbs conjugated means less ability to express emotions and less ability to process a thought.
Studies have shown that part of the violence in the public sphere and privateness stems directly from the inability to describe emotions in words.

Without words to make an argument, complex thinking becomes impossible. The poorer the language, the more thought disappears.

History is full of examples and many books (Georges Orwell -“1984”; Ray Bradbury – “Fahrenheit 451”) tells how all totalitarian regimes have always hindered thinking, reducing the number and meaning of words.

If there are no thoughts, there are no critical thoughts. And there is not a Wordless thought.

How to build a hypothetical-deductive thought without the conditional?
How to think about the future without a conjunction with the future?
How is it possible to capture a temporality, a succession of elements in time, past or future, and their relative duration, without a language that distinguishes between what could have been, what was, what is, what could be, and the what will be after, what may have happened, actually happened?

Dear Parents and Teachers: Let us make our children, our students speak, read and write. Teach and practice the language in its most diverse forms. Even if it looks complicated. Especially if it’s complicated. Because in that effort there is freedom.

Those who assert the need to simplify spelling, discard language of its “flaws”, abolish genres, times, nuances, everything that creates complexity, are the true architects of the impoverishment of the human mind.

There is no freedom without need.

There is no beauty without the thought of beauty.

Author: Christophe Clavé

Time goes by

Rare photos of celebrities

Olga and Tatiana Romanova
Prince Charles and Queen Elizabeth II 
Leon Trotsky, Diego Rivera and André Breton
Dalai Lama and The Pope
John F. Kennedy
Bill Clinton and John F. Kennedy
Barbra Streisand and John F. Kennedy
Robert Redford and Barbra Streisand
Jill St John (Bond girl in Diamonds Are Forever), Leonid Brezhnev and Richard Nixon
Lana Turner and Ronald Reagan
Nicolas Sarkozy
Alain Delon and Romy Schneider
Yves Montand and Edith Piaf
Marlene Dietrich, Anna May Wong and Leni Riefenstahl
Jane Seymour and Freddie Mercury
Michael Jackson and Freddie Mercury 
Liza Minnelli and Michael Jackson
Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley and Tom Jones
Dustin Hoffman
Gérard Depardieu and John Travolta
Louis Armstrong in Egypt
Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong
Marcello Mastroianni and Federico Fellini
Photographer Richard Avedon and Sophia Loren
Martin Scorsese
Robert De Niro and Martin Scorsese
The Rolling Stones
Mick Jagger, John Lennon and Yoko Ono
John Lennon and Yoko Ono
Linda and Paul McCartney
Sharon Tate and Roman Polanski
Ike and Tina Turner
Vera and Vladimir Nabokov
Pablo Picasso
Ernest Hemingway and Fidel Castro
Jean-Paul Sartre and Che Guevara 
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X
Martin Luther King Jr. and Marlon Brando
Clint Eastwood
Paul Newman and Clint Eastwood
Natalie Wood
Audrey Hepburn and Fred Astaire
Rita Hayworth and Fred Astaire
Pelé and Sylvester Stallone
Michael and Kirk Douglas
Uma Thurman and Mikhail Baryshnikov
Vaslav Nijinsky and Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin and Gandhi
Charlie Chaplin and Albert Einstein
Frank Sinatra and Grace Kelly
Ian Fleming and Sean Connery
James Dean and Elizabeth Taylor
Johnny Cash and Ray Charles
Steve Jobs and Bill Gates

The famous “Prego no Pão” dates back to the late 19th century

Why the hell do they call a loaf of meat NAIL (PREGO)?? A little popular culture to explain this to us.

The “Prego no Pão” or, in a literal translation, “Nail in the Bread”!

Who would have thought that the nail, or steak on bread, appears in Portugal at Praia das Maçãs?

“The real story is related to the name Manuel Dias Prego, one of the first inhabitants of Praia das Maçãs in the late 19th century, where he owned a tavern, Taberna do Prego. In this tavern Manuel Prego served fried veal slices or baked in tasty bread and accompanied by wine from the region.
The meat on bread quickly became a success in Praia das Maçãs and surroundings. It is said that it was in this place that José Malhoa painted his famous painting “Praia das Maçãs”. Who knows if savoring such a delicacy while painting!
Over the years, the name of the sandwich came to be commonly known as Prego, in honor of its creator, and in the beginning of the 20th century the recipe had already been copied to other places, and Prego started to be part of the menus of taverns across the country and not just in Sintra.”

The most complete clock in the world

The most complete clock in the world, it is Portuguese!

It’s called Rijomax and it’s Portuguese, the most complete watch in the world. Father António Vieira said: “Every perfect watch not only gives hours, but also has an arm that points them”. There is a Portuguese watch that is known as the most complete on the planet: it is the Rijomax.

However, this perfect clock, contrary to what Father António Vieira advocated, is stopped. But that fact does not prevent it from being the most perfect of all watches. Even inactive (or precisely for that reason), Rijomax interferes with the imagination of us all.

When we look for your time in it, we willingly grant part of ours. Do you want to know more about this fantastic watch?

Rijomax is unique in the world, but it has not received the deserved recognition. It is a fascinating invention that has not had the publicity it deserves. The watch is the result of a demanding and meticulous work that is very revealing of the talent and ingenuity of its creator. His genius made him build an object so unusual that it will remain for posterity.

The work of art

The autarchy exhibits a true work of art at the Tourism Office at the county seat. Since 2002, Rijomax has enchanted locals and the curious. This remarkable work was made from recycled materials.

A testimony

Marco Penela, technician at the Municipality of Tabuaço, explained to TSF: “It is the most complete watch in the world. It was built by Mr. Amândio José Ribeiro, between 1945 and 1973, that is, it took 28 years to build ”.

The creator

Amândio José Ribeiro is the talented creator of Rijomax, a work that can be found in Tabuaço, inside the Interactive Tourism Store. The man, who only had the 4th grade, was a native of Pinhel, in the parish of Santa Eufémia, and had a lot of talent.

The inventor of this work of art showed great determination and resilience to build this watch. Amândio José Ribeiro considered it to be the “most complete watch in the world”.

What is certain is that this mysterious work took almost three decades to be completed. It was built between 1945 and 1973. It was over 16 thousand hours of work that its creator invested in the construction of the Rijomax (28 years old !!!). His work allowed him to acquire global fame, as he entered the Guinness Book of Records and has the patent with the number 12931.

He was a watchmaker and goldsmith by profession for most of his life, even as a child he already played with watches. He devoted much of his existence and time into turning the Rijomax the most complete watch in the world and he succeeded.

In 2002, the watch was sold to the Municipality of Tabuaço, who was visionary and fair when considering that the watch should be part of the Heritage of the County.

Since Amândio’s death, no one else knew how to put Rijomax to work, after it stopped working. Amândio José Ribeiro was born in 1912, having lived 90 years.

The name RIJOMAX

The curious name “Rijomax” comes after an acronym that links the name of the watch’s creator to the work of art. The explanation is simpler than it may at first appear.

The Ri in RIJOMAX is by Ribeiro, while the Jo in RIJOMAX is by José; Ma in RIJOMAX is from Amândio. Finally, the X in RIJOMAX is to give the watch the common pronunciation of watch brands, such as Timex or Rolex.

Curiosities of Rijomax

The RIJOMAX weighs more than 150 kilos, measuring more than 2 meters. However, huge was the ambition that its creator had for the watch. This is due in addition of having more than 16 thousand digits and letters, the Rijomax is quite complete.

This watch is programmed not only to run for 10,000 centuries, in cycles of 6272 years (which did not happen), but it has many other functions. The clock indicates seconds, minutes, hours, but also the apparent movements of the sun and moon, universal time, lunar time.

This fantastic clock also marks the Equinoxes and Solstices, the phases of the moon, … The Rijomax even marks the sunrise and sunset and also marks the leap years. Inside it has written: “A Mysterious Work: The whole world inside a clock”.


This post was taken from an e-mail without any mention of its author. I do not own the rights to this photos.