TIBETE – train travel

From what I saw, this documentary was made in 2011.
TIBETE – train ride …. with the best technology in the world

As I do love to travel and Tibete it’s one the spots I really want to go, when I saw this PowerPoint I had to share it! The Author is Eddy Cheong. Thank you!

From Beijing to Lhasa

Tribute to railway builders

CHALLENGES

Since the founding of the Republic of China by Dr. Sun Yat-sol in 1911, it has been a dream of that country to have a national railway system connecting all its provinces.
Tibet became the last province to be linked, as there were major obstacles.

This is the “Mother of thousands of Mountains”.
How to build a railway line in these mountains to reach China’s most remote province, Tibet? Like, if about 85% of the railroad will have to stay in the “forbidden zone”, also known as “Zona da Morte” (Death Zone) because of bad weather:
air, severe and unpredictable weather, ferocious storms and high UV radiation.
Average annual temperature is below zero degrees, reaching negative 45º C; average elevation of the railroad: 4,115 m above sea level; highest point: 5,100 meters.
When building the Mountain Tunnel Fenghuo – 4,800 m above sea level – workers had to be equipped with oxygen cylinders.
Seventeen oxygen-producing stations were built along the railway line to “feed” the tunnel.
5,180 meters of high mountains to climb, valleys 12 km wide, hundreds of kilometers of ice and mud that could never support trains!
How can a tunnel be opened through the rock, in a climate of minus 40 degrees and with serious oxygen difficulty?
550 km of ice along the rail route; non-compact ice and damp soil in the Summer – a nightmare for railway engineers.
As most cattle and wildlife graze freely, the line was raised in most places.
Four areas have been specifically reserved to protect wildlife species in the Tibetan plateau, including the Chiru population.
Environmental protection of ecosystems:
High investments were made in the project.
Routes were selected to prevent the railway from passing through major wildlife habitats.
Chiru, whose wool is known as ‘shahtoosh’, or ‘wool queen’, for sale for up to $10,000 each, despite legal protection, is threatened with extinction.
Wool is smuggled from Tibet, mainly to Kashmir, where shawls and scarves are made.
Although Chiru is protected in China, it is still legal to weave shahtoosh in India.
In all trains, toilets, waste water tanks and waste treatment facilities were installed to protect the environment along the route.
Beijing West, here begins our story
Beijing West Railway Station is the first stage of our train adventure to Lhasa.
Travel companion, Joey, points to the sign that says, “Beijing West to Lhasa “.
All trains entering Tibet from China are equipped with trash compactors and vacuum toilets. In this photo, you can see a worker collecting sanitary waste from a train on the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, using vacuum technology installed at the Golmud station.
Protection of the environment was an important priority.
Joey appreciates the landscapes that take place throughout the trip.
Western cuisine available on the menu.
The service is excellent. Friendly, it serves fruit juices, snacks and drinks.
Passengers do not suffer from high altitude sickness, as the carriages are fully air-conditioned and pressurized, as in airplanes.
Oxygen masks are also available in your bedrooms, as well as along the corridors and in the trains’ bathrooms.
Beautiful setting and healthy hot meals.
Mountain tunnels.
The construction of a bridge over the icy soil.
This has the least impact on the area, but it is also the most expensive.
Qingshuihe Bridge is the longest bridge in the world built on icy ground.
Animals graze peacefully, oblivious to the passage of the train
Whenever possible, the railway line is elevated to allow the passage of migratory species and to minimize any adverse impact on the natural environment.
Timeless beauty of Lake Namtso.
Train rises to an altitude of more than 5,000 meters.
The length of the Qingzang railway is 1,956 km. The line includes the Tanggula Pass, at 5,072m above sea level, the highest in the world.
Stopping to take a picture with ice as a backdrop.
The train passes ice and snow-capped mountains on the way to Lhasa.
From the beginning, the design departments were concerned with the migration of antelopes.
Wildlife, bears and wild donkeys have already adapted to the presence of the railway line.
Yaks grazing peacefully, indifferent to the passing of the train.
The enchanting beauty of the blue lake of Yamdrok.
The train passes by the Patola Monastery, on the way to the Lhasa Railway Station.
With the opening of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway and the new Nyingchi Airport, there was a flood of tourists in Tibet, reaching 4 million last year, up 60 percent.
Interior of Lhasa Railway Station.
Departure from Lhasa Station.
Exterior of Lhasa Railway Station.
The Lhasa Station it looks more like a first-class airport terminal.
Tibet’s economy has never been self-sufficient to give its people meaningful life. The Central Government of China has invested more than $4 billion to build this rail system – the most expensive in the world.
Since the time of Emperor Kublai Khan, Tibet has belonged to China and is its most remote province.
The new bridge over the Tsangpo River to the railway station.
Hotel reception area – Lhasa.
The Lhasa River bridge connects the center of Lhasa to the new train station.

Copyright reserved:

E. Cheong

New Huaren Federation

16 February 2011

Grandma’s apron

The first purpose of grandmother’s apron was to protect her underwear.

Then … it served as a glove to remove the pan from the stove …

It was wonderful to dry the tears of the grandchildren and also to clean their dirty faces.

From the chicken coop, the apron was used to transport the eggs and, sometimes, the chicks.

When visitors arrived, the apron served to protect shy children.

When it was cold, it served grandmother as a coat.

This old apron was an agitated bellows, to revive the fire.

It was in it that she took the potatoes and dry wood to the kitchen.

From the garden, it served as a basket for many vegetables, after picking the peas, it was time to collect turnips and cabbages.

And by the arrival of Autumn, she used it to pick up fallen apples.

When visitors came, unexpectedly, it was surprising to see how quickly this old apron could dust.

When it was time for the meal, from the balcony, the grandmother waved her apron and the men, working in the field, knew immediately that they had to go to the table.

Grandma also used it to take the apple pie out of the oven and put it in the window to cool.

It will be many years before any other invention or object can replace my grandmother’s old apron.

In memory of our grandmothers!

(Free translation and adaptation of a text, in Castilian, in CITAS LITERÁRIAS)

“I have a dream”

Russian Mother Takes Magical Pictures Of Her Two Kids With Animals On Her Farm

These wonderful photographs by Elena Shumilova plunge the viewer into a beautiful world that revolves around two boys and their adorable dog, cat, duckling and rabbit friends. Taking advantage of natural colors, weather conditions and her enchanting surroundings, the gifted Russian artist creates cozy and heartwarming photography that will leave you amazed.

The boys in the photographs are the photographer’s sons and the animals belong to the farm she runs. “I largely trust my intuition and inspiration when I compose photos.”

“Hands”

In the 15th century, in a small village near Nüremberg, a family lived with several children.

To put bread on the table for everyone, the father worked about 18 hours a day in the coal mines, and anything else that came up.

Two of his children had a dream: he wanted to dedicate himself to painting, but they knew that his father could never send them both to study at the Academy.

After many nights of talking and exchanging ideas, the two brothers reached an agreement: they would throw a coin to draw lots, and the loser would work in the mines to pay the studies to the winner. When finishing his studies, the winner would then pay, with the sale of his works, the studies to which had stayed at home.

Thus, the two brothers could be artists.

They launched the coin on a Sunday when they left the Church. One of them, called Albrecht, won, and went to study painting in Nüremberg.

Then the other brother, Albert, started the dangerous work in the mines, where he stayed for the next four years to pay for his brother’s studies, which from the first moment became, soon, a success in the Academy.

Albrecht’s engravings, carvings and oils were much better than those of many of his teachers. When he graduated, he had already started to earn considerable sums from the sales of his art.

When the young artist returned to his village, the Dürer family gathered for a festive dinner in his honor.

At the end of the memorable party, Albrecht stood in his place of honor at the table, and proposed a toast to his beloved brother, who had sacrificed so much, working in the mines to make his dream of studying a reality. And said:

– “Now, my brother, your turn has come. Now you can go to Nüremberg and pursue your dreams, which I will take care of for all your expenses.”

All eyes turned, full of expectation, to the place of the table that occupied his brother. But the latter, his face wet with tears, stood up and said softly:

– “No, brother, I can’t go to Nüremberg. It’s too late for me. These four years of mine work have destroyed my hands. Every bone in my fingers has broken at least once, and the arthritis in my right hand has advanced so much it took me a while to raise the glass for your toast. I couldn’t work with delicate lines, with the compass or with the parchment, and I couldn’t handle the pen or the brush. No, brother, it’s too late for me. But I am happy that my misshapen hands have served that yours have now fulfilled your dream “.

More than 450 years have passed since that day. Today the prints, oils, watercolors, carvings and other works by Albrecht Dürer can be seen in museums around the World.

To pay homage to his brother’s sacrifice, Albrecht Dürer drew his battered hands, palms together and fingers pointing to the sky.

He called this powerful work simply “Hands”, but the whole world immediately opened his heart to his work of art and changed the name of the work to: “Hands that pray”.

The next time you see a copy of this work, look at it carefully. And it serves so that, when you feel too proud of what you do, and very sure of yourself, remember that in life … nobody triumphs alone!

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/63/Albrecht_D%C3%BCrer_-_Praying_Hands%2C_1508_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg

ALBRECHT DÜRER

Birth: 21 May 1471, in Imperial Free City of Nürnberg (now in Germany)

Death: 6 April 1528, in Imperial Free City of Nürnberg (now in Germany)